What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis, or gum disease, starts with a simple gum inflammation but can lead to a more serious disease that can cause major destruction to the oral tissues and underlying bone. Periodontitis can also cause teeth to fall out.
What causes periodontitis?
A periodontal disease is caused by bacteria, mucus, and other particles that accumulate in the teeth due to unhygienic oral practices. These substances can lead to the formation of plaque on the teeth. When plaque is not removed through proper brushing and flossing, it can harden and form into tartar. Tartar cannot be cleaned by ordinary brushing. Only professional cleaning by your dentist can remove tartar from your teeth.
What are the non-surgical periodontal treatments available?
Good periodontal health can still be achieved with least invasive procedures. Non-surgical periodontal treatments include:
- Scaling and root planing. This is a procedure that involves careful cleaning of the surfaces of the teeth’s roots in order to remove tartar and plaque from the teeth’s deep periodontal pockets. This can also be done to smoothen out the tooth root so bacterial toxins are removed.
- Tray delivery systems. A custom-fit tray is made from the impressions of the patient’s mouth. This tray will then be used by the patient at home to hold and deliver medications prescribed by the dentist.
How is a gum graft surgery done?
Gum graft surgery is done to repair the damage brought by gum recession. It is also a dental option for the prevention of bone loss and additional recession. Gum grafts are used by the dentist to cover exposed tooth roots or to develop gum tissue to areas where it is absent or inadequate. During the procedure, gum tissue is taken from the palate to cover the tooth root that has been exposed.
How is laser treatment for gum disease done?
The use of lasers can improve the effectiveness of scaling and root planing procedures. When used properly, lasers can provide the patient with less bleeding, discomfort, or swelling during the procedure.
How can dental implants help in periodontal treatment?
Dental implants are tooth root replacements that can be placed on the mouth to replace missing tooth or teeth due to gum disease. Dental implants come in two types, the endosteal and subperiosteal. Endosteal dental implants are implants that are surgically placed into one’s jawbone. On the other hand, subperiosteal implants are dental implants that are placed on top of one’s jaw with the help of metal posts placed through the gum to support and hold the prosthesis.